Designing a Fiber Optic Network

Designing a Fiber optic network can be a challenge if the basics are not followed. Fiber optic network design is basically a specialized process leading to a successful installation and
operation of a fiber optic network. It is critical that you understand the core requirements including the following:

  • Why is there a need for Fiber optic network
  • Type of Communication system
  • Type of location (campus, a manufacturing plant, highways etc.)
  • Necessary approvals for laying out fiber and other network types of equipment

The first step is Fiber network Design and this is done through the assistance of IT Network Engineers and other teams including Network Cabling contractors. Designers should have an in-depth knowledge of fiber optic components and systems and installation processes as well as all applicable standards, codes and any other local regulations. This is followed by communications system requirements established by the end user. You need to figure out the requirement for data usage not only for current period but also consider the scalability considering requirements for another 10-15 years down the line.

This is followed by surveys and reviews by Fiber or Data cabling installers. Evaluate if you would need Single Mode fiver or multi-mode fiber. Premises networks are usually short, often less than the 100 meters (about 330 feet) used as the limit for standardized structured cabling systems that allow twisted pair copper or fiber optic cabling, with backbones on campus networks used in industrial complexes or institutions as long as 500 m or more, requiring optical fiber. Singlemode fiber is an ideal choice for long distance runs including for City cabling including telephone, LAN, security, traffic monitoring, and control. Multi-mode fiber is suitable for short runs generally exceeding 100 meter and ideal for connecting buildings close to each other. Even for Surveillance systems spanning multiple cameras, Fiber has become an ideal choice considering the speed of data and the distance it can carry the data to. Besides offering greater flexibility in
camera placement because of its distance capability, fiber optic cabling is much smaller and lightweight, allowing easier installation, especially in older facilities like airports or large buildings that may have available spaces already filled with many generations of copper or data cabling.